Three scientists win Nobel Prize in Physics for work on Black Hole formation
Three scientists won this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for their discoveries about one of the most exotic phenomena in the universe, the Black Hole.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences stated that one half of the Nobel Prize is awarded to Roger Penrose from University of Oxford, UK while the other half jointly to US scientists Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez.
Penrose, in his research, showed that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of Black Holes. Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez discovered that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of the galaxy.
The prizes celebrate “one of the most exotic objects in the universe,” Black Holes, which have become a staple of science fiction and science fact and where time even seems to stand still, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences stated.
“The discoveries of this year’s Laureates have broken new ground in the study of compact and supermassive objects,” it added.
On October 5, three American scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology for the discovery of the Hepatitis C virus.
As per details, Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice made seminal discoveries that led to the identification of Hepatitis C virus. The three scientists made a decisive contribution to the fight against blood-borne hepatitis, a major global health problem that causes cirrhosis and liver cancer in people around the world.